TERMINOLOGY

Allies
People who identify as cisgender and straight, and believe in social and legal equality for LGBTQ+ people.

Asexual    
This is an umbrella term used for individuals who do not wish to enter into sexual relationships with other people. Sometimes referred to as “Ace”, this identity can include those who are interested in having romantic relationships, and those who are not. Those who are interested in having romantic relationships may identify as homo-romantic, hetero-romantic, bi-romantic, or pan-romantic.

Bisexual & Pansexual    
Someone attracted to more than one gender. Bisexual, linguistically, implies a recognition of binary gender, and therefore can mean an individual who is attracted to men and women, but those who identify as bisexual are not necessarily only attracted to traditional gender expression. Pansexual, with “pan” deriving from the Greek for “all”, refers to those who do not adhere to binary gender in terms of their sexual and romantic relationships.

Cis    
Cisgender is a description for a person whose gender identity, gender expression, and biological sex all align. A Cis-man is a person who identifies as a man, presents himself in a masculine manner, and has male biological sex, often referred to as simply “man”. A Cis-woman is a person who identifies as a woman, presents herself femininely, and has female biological sex, often referred to as simply “woman”.

Coming Out    
This is the process of revealing your sexual orientation or gender identity to individuals in your life; often incorrectly thought to be a one-time event, this is a lifelong and sometimes daily process. 

Discrimination     
Discrimination means making a distinction in favour of, or against, a person based on the group, class, or category to which a person belongs.

Gay    
This term refers to someone who is attracted to people of the same gender. It is mainly used to describe males.

Gender Identity    
An individual’s internal self-perception of themselves as female, male, transgender, or non-binary.

Heteronormativity    
Refers to heterosexual identities being the norm, to the exclusion of any other sexual orientation or gender identity. One way that it is demonstrated is by the lack of representation of LGBTQ+ people and relationships in the media.

Heterosexual (Straight)    
Someone who is attracted to people of the opposite gender.

Homophobia / Transphobia    
Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT). Transphobia relates to prejudice directed specifically at those who don’t adhere to gender norms or transgender people.

Lesbian                
A woman who is attracted to other women.

Outing    
When someone reveals another person’s sexual orientation or gender identity to an individual or group, often without the person’s consent or approval. 

Prejudice     
Prejudice is defined as a preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.

Pride    
Pride is an annual celebration of LGBTQ+ communities held around the world. In Ireland most of the large cities and towns have their own Pride Festival or else they have floats in the Dublin Pride Festival.

Rainbow
The rainbow has represented LGBTQ+ people since 1978. The colours reflect diversity within the LGBTQ+ community.

Sexual Orientation    
The attraction felt between people.

Transgender (Trans)    
This term is used for people whose identity, expression, behavior, or general sense of self does not conform to what is usually associated with the sex they were born with. Gender is an internal sense of being male, female, or other. 

Transexuals are people who transition from one sex to another through the use of hormones and/or surgical procedures. 

Trans is an umbrella term that refers to all of the identities within the gender identity spectrum.

Non-binary refers to those who do not identify as either male or female.